Rules of American Croquet
PART 11. ERRORS IN PLAY
a) A player has played out of turn if:
b) If either side plays out of turn, play is stopped as soon as the error is discovered by any player or official, and all balls affected shall be replaced to where they were at the beginning of the out-of-turn play. No penalty is assessed, no deadness is incurred, no points are scored, and the correct ball resumes play.
c) Subject to rule 11.1d, if both sides play out of turn consecutively. Play is stopped as soon as the error is discovered by any player or official, and all balls affected shall be replaced to where they were when the first side played out of turn. No penalty is assessed, no deadness is incurred, no points are scored, and the correct ball resumes play.
d) If it is discovered by any player or official that three (3) or more out-of-turn plays have occurred consecutively, play is stopped at the time of discovery. All balls affected by the last out-of-turn play shall be replaced to where they were at the beginning of the turn in which the error was discovered. No penalty is assessed, no deadness is incurred, no points are scored, and the correct ball resumes play; however, any points scored, deadness, or faults incurred before the turn in which the error was discovered shall be valid.
a) It is red’s turn, but yellow plays, then black plays. At this time the error is discovered. All balls are replaced; there is no penalty, no deadness incurred, and no points scored. The CORRECT ball (red) plays. Rule 11.1c applies, as there were two consecutive out-of-turn plays by yellow and black.
b) It is red’s turn, but yellow plays, black plays, red plays, and blue plays. At this time the error is discovered. All balls affected by blue’s play are returned to their positions at the beginning of blue’s out-of-turn play, and the CORRECT ball (black) plays. Rule 11.1d applies, as there were three or more consecutive out-of-turn plays; all play before blue is deemed valid.
c) It is red’s turn, but yellow plays, blue plays, and red plays. At this time, yellow’s out-of-turn play is discovered. In this case, no balls are replaced, and red continues its turn. Rule 12.1 (Limit of Claims) applies; although Yellow played out of turn, the error was condoned because it was not called before the first shot of the opponent’s next turn. Red is now the CORRECT ball in sequence.
a) The striker has committed a wrong ball fault if:
b) If a wrong ball fault occurs, the turn ends and all balls are replaced to where they were when the shot began (rule 12.2a).
c) A player can commit a wrong ball fault only when it is that player’s turn. Striking any ball when it is another player’s turn to play is an out-of-turn error (rule 11.1a(3)).
a) The striker has committed a dead ball fault if the striker ball hits a ball it is dead on, except that:
b) The striker has committed a dead ball fault if a rover ball hits any ball more than once during the rover ball’s turn, unless the second hit occurs because the rover ball runs a wicket to clear deadness and in the same shot hits a ball lying beyond the wicket.
c) If a dead ball fault occurs, the turn ends and all balls are replaced to where they were when the shot began (rule 12.2a), except that if a dead ball fault occurs in a croquet shot, only the striker ball and any stationary ball hit by the striker ball are replaced, while any other balls, including any moving dead ball hit by the striker ball, remain where they came to rest and receive credit for any points scored (rule 12.2c).
a) If the striker interferes with a ball in any way during a shot, the striker has committed an interference fault. The turn ends and all balls affected by the shot are replaced (rule 12.2a).
b) If the opponent or an outside agency interferes with a ball during a shot, the ball shall be replaced in its probable finishing position. If the final position cannot be reasonably determined, the shot shall be replayed. In the event there is a dispute over the placement of a ball after interference or whether a shot should be replayed, a referee shall decide.
(An outside agency is anything not connected with the court. Examples include the players or equipment from another game, spectators, court accessories when not properly placed, balls not in play, animals, or other stray objects, but do not include any loose impediments on the court surface or the weather.)
a) It is a fault if during the striking period the striker:
b) When a fault is committed during the striking period the turn ends and all balls are replaced (rule 12.2a).
a) If a player or official observes that a shot is to be played with any relevant ball misplaced, play shall be stopped and the misplaced ball(s) corrected.
b) If a player or official discovers (within the applicable limit of claims) that a shot has occurred with any ball relevant to the shot misplaced, play shall be stopped, all balls, clips, and deadness shall be corrected to the point immediately prior to the shot, and the player resumes play without penalty.
c) Misplacement of the striker ball includes:
d) Misplacement of a ball does not include:
e) If a striker plays a shot:
f) If any ball relevant to a shot is misplaced and the striker commits a fault (rules 11.2-11.5), the shot is retaken without penalty.
If a striker plays any shot or shots as the result of any incorrect information concerning the state of the game supplied by the opponent or an official, the striker shall have the right to replay. If the right to replay any shot or shots is not claimed before the first shot of the opponent’s turn, the right to replay the shot or shots shall be forfeited. This shall apply to the deadness board and the placement of clips, provided the opponent or an official had confirmed the incorrect information verbally to the striker beforehand.
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